SeaFood Business

MAR 2014

SeaFood Business is the global trusted authority for seafood buyers and sellers. We are the seafood industry's leading trade magazine with more than 30 years of experience. Our coverage is based on the "business" of buying and selling seafood.

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Top Stor y Visit us online at www.seafoodbusiness.com March 2014 SeaFood Business 31 "Te overwhelming ma- jority of use was not for properly diagnosed condi- tions, or even applied by anyone with training in aquatic animal health," he says. "Given how many Vietnamese pangasius farms have now committed to the [Aquaculture Stewardship Council] standard, I think there is real potential for change in the industry." What most critics of vet- erinary drugs would like to see, at the very least, is use on an as-needed basis, or only when the animals get sick. Veterinary oversight is required for administering drugs, but Rangan and other critics of overseas operations want more data and trans- parency. Te FDA's initia- tive, which she says should be mandatory, is a "stop- gap" measure. "And that's fne. But how aquatic environments like fsh and shrimp ponds as well as products that enhance feed digestibility for animals with short intestinal tracts, like shrimp. Antibiotics, New- man says, cut costs and can be the diference between staying in business or not. His example: Tink of telling a rural shrimp farmer in Asia not to use a drug that will save an entire crop needed to support his family. "It's a complicated situa- tion with no easy solutions," he says. "Te approach of bans is fne. However it doesn't distinguish between legitimate use and abuse. Too many peo- ple are forced to use antibiot- ics simply because they have no choice. It's harder to en- force that in countries where corruption is the norm." But not impossible: In many cases, small-scale pro- ducers do get their advice from salesmen instead of scientists, says Tim Fitzger- ald, senior policy specialist for Environmental Defense Fund in Washington, D.C. During the World Wildlife Fund's Pangasius Dialogues, a gathering of industry, en- vironmental groups and academia to create sustain- able aquaculture practices, he heard that rampant an- tibiotic use was one of the industry's biggest problems in Vietnam. "You have to be pragmatic about farming. Those animals are going to get sick from time to time. Some proper [antibiotic] use has to be OK along the line." — Peter Bridson, aquaculture research manager, Monterey Bay Aquarium Photo courtesy of enwiki 28_33TopStory.indd 31 2/18/14 2:08 PM

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